Treatment of optic nerve atrophy
Where to be treated
Where to treat atrophy of the optic nerve
One of the most frequent causes of visual impairment is the atrophy of the optic nerve. Improper and untimely treatment of the disease leads to complete and irreversible loss of visual perception.
Methods of treating optic nerve atrophy
Therapy optic nerve atrophy must necessarily be complex, lengthy and aimed at removing the causes of disease, and improve blood flow and nutrition of nerve fibers.
Vasodilators (no-Spa, Aminophylline, Glockenspiel); Metabolic products (Mildronate, Actovegin, Emoksipin); Preparations of vitamins of groups b, E, C, A; Antioxidant (Devein); nootropics (Nootropil, Fesem).
The mechanism of action of drugs is associated with the blood vessels of the optic nerve and the eyeball, improve the metabolism and activation of oxygen consumption in cells. All funds can be deposited under the conjunctiva or around the eye.
Methods of physical therapy effects also are aimed at strengthening blood flow in the atrophic optic nerve and surrounding tissues.
Galvanization – a method of electrotherapy, the essence of which is the impact postojannogo continuous electric current of low power and low voltage. The therapeutic effect comes by improving microcirculation in the blood vessels that feed the optic nerve, increase the activity of all types of metabolism and enhance tissue permeability for drugs.
Direct electrophoresis on the area of the optic nerve is another method of electrotherapy, based on increased activity of drugs under the influence of a constant electric current. Improvement of technologies of eye microsurgery allows to draw the electrodes directly to the place atrophy and thus greatly enhance the therapeutic effect of the medication.
Electrostimulation – the effect on the atrophic optic nerve using weak pulses of electrical current with a certain frequency. The therapeutic effect is achieved through activation and synchronization of nerve impulses between the retina and the nerve fibers.
Today in ophthalmology apply the methods of electrical stimulation:
Transcutaneous application of an electrode carried on the skin around the eyeball. Transconjunctival – electrodes are applied directly to the cornea. Implant – surgically implanted electrodes in the sheath of the optic nerve. Magnetotherapy – is a method of physical treatment with the use of different types of magnetic fields: DC, AC and impulse. The therapeutic effect of this type of therapy is due to increased trophic processes and regeneration, activation of blood circulation and stimulation of oxygen consumption by the cells. Laser therapy – the use for therapeutic purposes laser of low energy stimulates the circulation and lymph flow, accelerates tissue repair processes, makes more effective metabolism.
Methods of surgical treatment atrophy of the optic nerve there are many, but they are all aimed at increasing blood flow in the optic nerve and surrounding tissues.
Vasoconstrictive operations increases blood flow of the ophthalmic artery due to redistribution of blood flow from other areas. This is achieved by ligature of small vascular branches of the carotid, temporal or parietal arteries.
Extrascleral surgery have a therapeutic effect by creating a focus of aseptic inflammation in the tissues surrounding the optic nerve. To do this, hold the transplant’s own tissues, which leads to increased blood supply to this area.
Decompression surgery can improve the outflow of venous blood by dissection of bone or scleral canal of the optic nerve. This leads to a reduction of pressure within the nerve bundle and improve its functioning.
Revascularization of the choroid – stimulation of growth of new vessels due to the transplantation into the subarachnoid space of several beams direct the eye muscles.
Treatment atrophy of the optic nerve successfully carried out in clinics of Russia, as well as in medical centers in Germany and Israel.