What is physiotherapy and why is it needed?
Physical therapy is a discipline designed for the prevention and rehabilitation of diseases of the musculoskeletal system, nervous system, internal organs.
What is physical therapy? The term “physiotherapy” is a generic term, which covers both active and passive forms of therapy. The physiotherapy in turn subdivided into different types of treatment: hydrotherapy, massage, electrotherapy, thermotherapy.
Physical therapy also includes physical therapy, various therapeutic exercises, i.e. it works with the movement. She helps the disabled and people with injuries to recover, and is also used in the treatment of diseases of muscles, joints, bones, nervous system, respiratory, cardiovascular.
The role of physiotherapy is to restore physical abilities, health, stamina. To achieve this, professionals use different methods of treatment such as hydrotherapy, therapeutic exercise, electrotherapy. Physical therapy allows you to restore the physical abilities needed for everyday life, work productivity, sports, Hobbies.
What is physical therapy?
Physical therapy is needed for treatment and prevention of various diseases. It accelerates the natural process of recovery of the organism after the disease. It is often used in hospitals and on an outpatient basis.
Physical therapy differs from regular physical activity because during it you are doing special exercises recommended by a physical therapist and under his supervision.
During physical therapy it is important to correctly perform each movement, since they are aimed at improving health. Physiotherapy is not an independent form of therapy, and best results are achieved when combining it with pharmacotherapy.
The influence of physiotherapy on the body
With proper treatment she has a positive effect on human health, helps to recover faster. Depending on the method of treatment she is able to stimulate muscle growth, strengthen cardiovascular system, Central nervous system and activate the immune.
A variety of exercises, applied topically, can help to improve the condition of patients with arthritis, osteoarthritis, myositis.
Regardless of age, physical therapy helps in treatment and prevention of chronic diseases, and it is used to eliminate pains in back, muscles, etc.
Physical therapists work in three main areas: neurological problems, diseases of the musculoskeletal system (bones, muscles, ligaments and joints) and cardio-respiratory problems.
The patients ‘ age doesn’t matter. Physical therapists can work with children and with elderly people. Before treatment it is necessary to do a complete health assessment, which includes the state and mobility of joints, nervous system, muscle strength, and cardiopulmonary functions. This will allow the therapist to analyze the nature of the problems and generate an appropriate treatment plan. In addition, physical therapy works in collaboration with other specialists and physicians.
Methods of physiotherapy
Common methods of physical therapy does not exist. Currently it exists in the form of individual and group sessions, trainings and courses. Exercises during therapy may be passive or active. Physical therapy also includes breathing exercises that are particularly important for the prevention and treatment of lung diseases (asthma, COPD, read here ).
Premises that are designed for physical therapy, must be equipped with special equipment (balls, hoops, etc.), the floor must be the mats (special coating). In addition, the therapy can be performed in water (pool).
Therapeutic gymnastics in the pool, as a rule, is assigned to patients with diseases of the spine and joints. All exercises conducted in the water, aimed at strengthening the muscles.
Treadmills, stationary bikes, which can be found at the gym, designed for patients who are at the stage of recovery. However, this therapy is not recommended for the elderly, children and incoordination.
The most pleasant method of physical therapy are walking in the fresh air. For example, it may be Nordic walking, walking barefoot (read here ).
Children physical therapy usually takes the form of sports, of physical education.
Active physical therapy: the therapist demonstrates exercises that will help to recover (exercise for posture, stretching, muscle strengthening). All the exercises are repeated by the patient.
Passive physical therapy: is a set of manipulations that are performed by the doctor. They may include massage, stretching, relaxation, etc., i.e. everything that helps to achieve the best results.